A surgical sponge is a cotton material (such as laparotomy sponge, towel, cottonoid, and raytec). To absorb fluids or isolate tissues and to remove the absorbent material before completion of an invasive procedure, doctor or other medical professionals insert it.
Gauze sponges are disposable and they are commonly used in both medicine and surgery. These types of materials are made of gauze. Along with cleaning wounds, doctors use gauze to absorb blood and other fluids. These materials are also known as surgical sponges.
Common sizes include 2 by 2 inches (5.1 cm × 5.1 cm), 3 by 3 inches (7.6 cm × 7.6 cm), and 4 by 4 inches (10 cm × 10 cm).
To manufacture gauze sponges for medical purposes, manufacturers use cotton and non-woven materials. In addition to its many sizes, plys, and fabrics, gauze sponges can also be sterile and non-sterile. Moreover, the open weave design of gauze sponges is useful for removing dead tissue from the skin surface as well as vertically wick fluid from the wound onto any secondary dressing to assist with preventing maceration of skin tissue.
Surgical sponges left in body cavities after surgery may cause complications, and are a common sort of surgical error. For this reason, counting them as they are used and removed is a common checklist item. Some sponges include a radiopaque strip so that they can be located by X-ray.